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什么是计量

上海11选5 CONGCIYUANSHANGKAN,JILIANGYICISUIWEIJIANZAIWOGUOGUDAIDIANJIZHONGCHUXIAN,DANKEYITUIDUANTASHIYOU“DULIANGHENG”DEGAINIANZHUBUYANSHENGERLAI。DUSHIZHANGDU,LIANGSHIRONGLIANG,HENGSHIZHONGLIANG。ZAIGUDAI,SUOWEI“QUANHENG”QISHISHIZHIYONGQUAN(FAMA、CHENGTUO)LAICHENGLIANG,ER“HENGQI”QIBENYISHITIANPING,HOUYINSHENWEISUOYOUQUEDINGZHONGLIANGDELIANGQI。JILIANGYICIDUIYINGYINGYUmetrology,GENJUWEIJIBAIKE,metrologyYOUXILAYUmeasureJIASHANGHOUZHUIlogosGOUCHENG。XILAWENZHONGDElogosYOU“YUZHOUWANWUZHIGUILV,JUEDUIZHIZHUNSHENG,YIJIRENLEIYIQIEDEYIGUI”DEYISI。NEIMEZHEILIANGGECILIANXIDAOYIQI,WOMENSHIBUSHIKEYISHUO“JILIANGSHICELIANGDEJUEDUIZHUNSHENGHEYIQIEDEYIGUI”?

 

    ZUOWEIYIMENXIANDAIKEXUE,JILIANG(metrology)ZAIGUOJIJILIANGSHUYUZHONGYIJINGYOULEMINGXIDEGAINIAN——JILIANGSHIGUANYUCELIANGDEKEXUE,BAOKUOSHEJICELIANGLILUNHESHIYONGDEGEGEFANGMIAN,BULUNQIBUQUEDINGDURUHE,YEBULUNQIYONGYUSHENMECELIANGJISHULINGYU。ZHEIGEGUANYUJILIANGDEDINGYISHIYOUYOUGUANCELIANGDESHUGEGUOJIZUZHI(BAOKUOBIPM、IEC、IFCC、ISO、IUPAC、IUPAP、OIMLHEILAC)LIANHEZUCHENGDEJILIANGXUELIANHEDAOZEWEIYUANHUI(JCGM,Joint Committee for Guides in Metrology)JICHUDE。GAIDINGYIDEHEXINZHIXIANGSHI:JILIANGSHIGUANYUCELIANGDEKEXUE。

 

    需要强调的是,虽然计量是关于测量的科学,但它不同于测量。测量是为确定量而进行的全部操作,是对非量化实物的量化过程,其目的是用数据描述事物。而计量是实现单位统一、保障量值准确可靠的活动,计量的目的是确保测量结果准确。准确性、一致性、溯源性和法制性是计量最重要的4个特征,而测量并不必须具备以上这些特征。因此计量属于测量的一种,它源于测量而又严于测量。狭义地讲,计量是与测量结果的置信度相关、与不确定度相联系的一种规范化测量,具备计量特性的测量活动才能获得有效的测量结果。

 

    JILIANGHEBIAOZHUNDEGUANXI

 

    JILIANGHEBIAOZHUNDEMUDEDOUSHIWEILEZHUIQIUTONGYI。JILIANGSHIWEILESHIXIANCELIANGHUODONG、CELIANGJIEGUODEQUANQIUTONGYI。CONGBENZHISHANGJIANG,JILIANGJIUSHIXIANDAISHEHUIZHONGZUIJICHUDEBIAOZHUNHUAHUODONG。DASHUJUSHIDAIDEJINTIAN,JILIANGGENGSHIYIQIESHUJUYOUXIAOXINGDEYUANQUAN。JILIANGKEXUEDEBENSHENJIUSHIWEILEJIANLIHEYOUHUABUDUANJINBU、YONGWUZHIJINGDEJILIANGBIAOZHUN。JILIANGBIAOZHUNSHIWUHUADEBIAOZHUN、SHIKEGUANDEBIAOZHUN,SHIJIANLIZAIKEXUEZHENLIJICHUSHANGDEZHUNSHENG。WOMENZAITANDAOZHILIANGSHI,JINGCHANGSHUO“MEIYOUGUIJUBUCHENGFANGYUAN”,SUOWEIGUI、JU,FENBIESHIZHIXIAOZHENGYUANHEFANGDELIANGJIANJILIANGQIJU。DANGGUIHEJUHEERWEIYISHI,BIANWEIGUIJU,ZHIDESHIFADU,BIAOZHUN。GUI、JUHEGUIJUZHIJIAN,JIUXINGCHENGLENEIZAILIANXI。KEYISHUO,MEIYOUGUI、JU,HELAIGUIJU?MEIYOUGUIJU,GUI、JUHEYONG?RUGUOWOMENRENWEIBIAOZHUNQUEDINGLEXUYAOFANG、YUANJIQIGUIGEDAXIAO,ZEJILIANGQUEBAOFANGSHIFANG、YUANYIWEIYUAN,YIJIFANGYUANZHIGUIGEFUHEBIAOZHUNZHIGUIDING,YEJIUSHIQUEBAOLEZHILIANGDEYUQI。YINCI,KEYISHUO,BIAOZHUNGUIDINGLEZHILIANGDEYAOQIU,JILIANGQUEBAOLEZHILIANGDESHIXIAN,JILIANGSHIBIAOZHUNDEJICHU,GENGSHIZHILIANGDEJICHU。

 

    JILIANGDEZUOYONGHEZHANLVEDIWEI

 

    从政治、经济、文化、社会、国防等多个领域来看,计量是国家主权的象征,是统一国家的工具。计量是社会进步的重要基石,不仅是维护公平正义的法度和准绳,更是改善生态环境、提高生活质量、促进社会和谐的基础和关键。计量是科学技术的基础,历史上3次技术革命都和计量测试技术突破息息相关。计量还是保证国民经济正常运行和公平贸易的基础。没有计量就没有现代制造。计量也支撑国防建设,事关国家核心利益。在航空母舰、核潜艇、隐形飞机、洲际导弹、卫星导航定位系统、核武器等武器装备与设施中,需要大量计量技术的支撑。

 

上海11选5     JILIANGDEJICHUZUOYONG,YIBANRENWEIZHUYAOTIXIANZAILIANGGEFANGMIAN:YISHIJIANLIXINXIN。JILIANGTONGGUOJIANLICELIANGDESUYUANXING,HUODEKEKAODECELIANGJIEGUO,SHIBIAOZHUNDEJIEGUOKEYIJIANYAN,GUOCHENGKEYIFUXIAN,JINERSHIXIANRENMENDUIZHILIANGXINLAI。ERSHISHIXIANCHUANGXIN。JILIANGTONGGUOCELIANGKEXUEHEJISHUJINBUZHIJIANDEXIANGHUYICUNHEXIANGHUCUJINTUIDONGCHUANGXIN;XINDECELIANGJISHUYEBIRANCIJIXINDECHANPIN、LIUCHENGHEFUWUDECHUANGXIN,TONGSHIYEHUITUIDONGLAODONGLIXINJINENGDECHANSHENGHEZHANGWO。

 

    HUIGUKEJIFAZHANLICHENG,JILIANGYIZHIHECHUANGXINMIQIEXIANGGUAN。YIFANGMIANJILIANGZHENGSHIJIANLIZAIZUIXINKEXUELILUNHEZUIXIANJINDEJISHUJICHUSHANGDE,HENDUOZUIXINFAXIANDEWULIXIANXIANGHELILUNDIYICIJIUSHIBEIYONGYUXINDEJILIANGJIZHUN。YUANZIPENQUANLILUNYUNYULEYUANZIPENQUANZHONGDEDANSHENG,DIANDINGLEYUANZISHIDEJICHU,JIANGSHIJIANJIZHUNTISHENGDAO3000WANNIANBUCHA1MIAODESHUIPING;FEIMIAOJIGUANGGUANGSHUJISHUJIAQILEGUANGPINYUWEIBOPINLVDEQIAOLIANG,JIANGGUANGZHONGBIANWEIXIANSHI,CONGERYOUKENENGJIANGSHIJIANPINLVBIAOZHUNDEBUQUEDINGDUZAITIGAO10-18LIANGJI。ZUIJINDEJISHINIANLI,GONGYOU14WEIJILIANGKEXUEJIAHUODENUOBEIERWULIXUEJIANG。JILIANGXUEWANGWANGSHIZUIXINKEXUETEBIESHIWULIXUELILUNDEZUIXIANYINGYONGHEZUIJIAZAITI,SHIKEXUEFAXIANHEKEJICHUANGXINZOUXIANGYINGYONGZUIZHONGYAODEQIAOLIANG。

 

    LINGYIFANGMIAN,JILIANGJISHUDEFAZHAN,ZHICHENGZHESHEHUIFAZHANDEGEGEFANGMIAN,JILIANGJISHUDECHUANGXIN,YINLINGLEKEJIHECHANYEDECHUANGXIN。MEIYOUXIANGYINGDECELIANGJISHUBUKENENGYOUXINDEKEXUEZHISHI,“FANSHIKEYICELIANGDE,JIUYAOSHIXIANDUITADECELIANG;FANSHIHAIBUNENGCELIANGDE,YEYAOSHIXIANDUITADECELIANG”。ZHUNQUEYOUXIAODECELIANGSHIRENSHISHIJIEDEJICHU,GENGSHIGAIZAOSHIJIEDEQIANTI。QINSHIHUANGTONGYIDEDULIANGHENGZHIDUCUJINLESHEHUI、JUNSHI、ZHIZAOBIAOZHUNHUADEKUAISUFAZHAN,GONGGULEQITONGZHIDIWEI。MEIGUOSHOURENZONGTONGHUASHENGDUNQUEDINGDELIANBANGZHONGYANGZHENGFULIUXIANGZHUYAOZHENGQUANJIUBAOHANDULIANGHENGGUANLIQUAN。

 

    ZAIXIANDAISHEHUIZHONG,JILIANGGENGSHIJUZUQINGZHONG。80%YISHANGDEMAOYIBIXUTONGGUOCELIANGCAINENGGOUWANCHENG,GONGYEHUADEGUOJIACELIANGHUODONGDUIGUOMINSHENGCHANZONGZHIGONGXIANLVDADAO4%-6%。MAOYIJIESUANYUGONGPINGJIAOYI,HUOJIANFASHEYUWEIXINGDAOHANG,JINGMIZHIZAOYUJIANKANGANQUAN,WANGLUOHULIANYUZHINENGDIANWANGDENG,WUYIBUYUJILIANGMIQIEXIANGGUAN,WUYINENGLIKAIJINGMICELIANGJISHU。JILIANGYINGXIANGGONGYESHENGCHANDESHILIHENDUO,BIRUGUANGFUCHANYE,ZHEISHIWOGUOZHONGYAOXINXINGCHANYE,YI275WDEBIAOZHUNTAIYANGDIANCHIZUJIANWEILI,ZAIQIYESHEBEICELIANGNENGLIBUBIANDEQINGKUANGXIA,BIAOZHUNZUJIANDECELIANGZHUNQUEXINGTISHENG0.5%,ZEKERANGQIYECHANPINPINGJUNGONGLVBODONGJIANXIAO1W,RUOANWOGUOMEINIANGUANGFUQIYECHANNENG5GWLAIJISUAN,MEITISHENG0.5%JILIANGBUQUEDINGDU,ZHISHAOKEYIJIEYUE6700WANYUANRENMINBIDECHENGBENZHICHU。

 

    YOUCIKEJIAN,JILIANGSHIYIGEGUOJIADEZHONGYAOJISHUJICHU,JUYOUBUKEQUDAIDEZHANLVEDIWEI。

 

    GUOJIAJILIANGYUANDESHIMINGHEZEREN

 

上海11选5     JINRU21SHIJIYILAI,SUIZHEKEJIDEBUDUANJINBUHEQUANQIUHUADEYANJIN,JILIANGZAISHIJIEFANWEINEICHENGXIANCHULIANGDAQUSHI。DIYI,QUANQIUJILIANGTIXIJIBENXINGCHENG,BAOZHANGSHIJIEZHUYAOGUOJIALIANGZHIDENGXIAO,WEIQUANQIUHUASHICHANGTIGONGZHICHENG。1999NIAN,QUANQIU38GEGUOJIAQIANDINGLE《GUOJIAJILIANGJIZHUNHEGUOJIAJILIANGYUANCHUJUDEZHENGSHUHURENXIEYI》。MUQIAN,SHIJIESHANGZHUYAOJINGJITIDOUZAINULISHIBENGUOXIAOZHUNCELIANGNENGLINENGGOUFUGAIZISHENGUOJIMAOYIHECANYUGUOJIJINGZHENGDEXUQIU。MEIGUODEXIAOZHUNCELIANGNENGLISHULIANGDADAO2169XIANG,LIESHIJIEDIYI;WOGUOWEI1224XIANG,LIESHIJIEDISI、YAZHOUDIYI。DIER,JILIANGJISHUZHENGZAIFASHENGZHONGDABIANGE,YILIANGZIWULIWEIJICHUDEZIRANJIZHUNQUDAISHIWUJIZHUN,CELIANGZHUNQUEDUDENGJISHUZHIBIAODEYIDAFUDUTIGAO,DAIDONGDABUFENLIANGDECELIANGZHUNQUEDUDEDAOTIGAO,JINERDUIKEJIDEJINBUHEJINGJISHEHUIDEFAZHANCHANSHENGZHONGDACUJINZUOYONG。

 

上海11选5     ZHENGSHIJIYUJILIANGDEZHANLVEDIWEI,FADAGUOJIAPUBIANGAODUZHONGSHIJILIANG。MEIGUO、DEGUO、YINGGUODENG20DUOGEGUOJIABAJILIANG(DULIANGHENG)XIERUXIANFA,ZUOWEIZHONGYANGSHIQUANHETONGYIGUANLIGUOJIADEJIBENYAOQIU。MEIGUOHEDEGUODEGUOJIAJILIANGYUANYUANZHANGDOUSHIYOUZONGTONGRENMING。MEI、DE、YINGDENGZHUYAOFADAGUOJIAZHENGFUDUIJILIANGYOUTONGYI、WENDINGDEZHUANXIANGJINGFEIZHICHI,BINGZHUNIANZENGZHANG。GEGUOYEDOUJIANLILEBENGUODEGUOJIAJILIANGYUAN,WEIBAOZHENGZAIJILIEDEGUOJIJINGZHENGZHONGZHANYOUYOUSHIDIWEI,MEI、YING、DE、FA、ELUOSIJIRI、HANDENGFADAGUOJIADOUSHIFENZHONGSHIGUOJIAJILIANGYUANDEJIANSHEHEJILIANGKEJIDEFAZHAN,FENFENJIADADUIJILIANGKEXUEYANJIUZAIRENLI、WULIHECAILIDENGDUOFANGMIANDETOURU,YIQIESHIBAOZHENGBINGYOUXIAOTIGAOBENGUOJILIANGKEJIZAIKEJIGEMINGHECHANYEBIANGEZHONGDEZHICHENGNENGLI。

 

上海11选5     YIMEIGUOWEILI,2009NIAN,MEIGUOZHENGFUTOURUGUOJIAJILIANGYUAN(NIST)DEJILIANGKEYANJINGFEIDA16YIMEIYUAN,QIZHONG6.1YIMEIYUANSHIMEIGUOZAIXINBANBU《FUSUYUZAITOUZIFAAN》ZHIHOUZHUANXIANGBOKUAN,YONGYUYANJIUJIANLIZHINENGDIANWANG、TAIYANGNENGFADIANHECHUNENGDENGXIANJINNENGYUANJISHU,LVSEJIENENGJIANZHU、TANPAIFANGXIANZHIHEJIAOYITIXIDENGFANGMIANDEJILIANGBIAOZHUN。

 

    SUIZHEWOGUOJINGJISHEHUIFAZHAN,GUOJIADUIJILIANGKEJIDETOURUCHIXUZENGJIA,“SHIYIWU”YILAILEIJITOURUCHAOGUO20YIYUAN。JIANCHENGLEGUOJIYILIUDESHIYANJIDI,KAIZHANLEYINGDUISIJIBENDANWEIZHONGXINDINGYIDEXIANGGUANJIBENWULICHANGSHUCELIANGDENGQIANYANYANJIU,QIDONGLENENGYUAN、SHENGWU、HUANJING、WEINAJISHU、YIXUE、XINXIJISHUDENGFUWUGUOJIAZHANLVEXINGXINXINGCHANYEFAZHANHESHEHUIKECHIXUFAZHANDEJILIANGXINLINGYUYANJIUGONGZUO,HUODEGUOJIHURENDEGUOJIAXIAOZHUNCELIANGNENGLISHULIANGYUEJUSHIJIEDISI。TONGGUOBUXIENULI,WOGUOJILIANGKEJISHUIPINGYIDEDAOQUANMIANTISHENG,JIBENSHIXIANLECONGWANGQIXIANGBEIDAOBINGJIAQIQU,JUBEILEGANCHAOFADAGUOJIADEJICHUTIAOJIAN。

 

上海11选5     JINNIAN,GUOWUYUANFABU《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》,GAIGUIHUAWUYIDUIYUZHIZAODEGUANJIANZUCHENGYAOSU——CELIANG,JIANGSHILIHAODEXIAOXI,JILIANGCHANYEYINGZHUAZHUXINYILUNKEJILANGCHAOSUOXINGCHENGDEJIYUQI。RU《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》TICHULEHULIANWANG+DEGAINIAN,JIANGLIANGZIJIZHUNHEXINXIJISHUJIEHE,BINGJIANGXIAOZHUNMOKUAIZHIRUCELIANGZHONGDUANSHANG,KEYIDADASUODUANSUYUANLIAN,JIANGZUIJINGZHUNDELIANGZHICHUANDIJIYONGHU,ZHICHENGGONGYECHANYEDEFAZHAN,WEIZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025TIGONGZUIZHIJIEYOUXIAODEZHICHENG。YU《ZHONGGUOZHIZAO2025》ZHUGONGFANGXIANGZHINENGZHIZAOSUOMIBUKEFENDEZHINENGCELIANGYICHENGWEIDASHISUOQU,BAOKUOZHINENGSHUJUGUANLIJIBAOGAO、ZHINENGSAOMIAO、ZHINENGRUANJIANJIZHINENGNENGYUANGUANLIDENGZHINENGCELIANGJISHUJIANGCHENGWEIZHINENGZHIZAODEZHONGYAOHUANJIE。

 

    今后,中国计量科学研究院作为我国唯一的国家计量院将以保持国家最高测量能力、满足经济转型升级需要、支撑人民生活质量提升、迎接新领域新技术挑战为使命,充分发挥和平里、昌平两个院区不同的特色和作用,聚焦于复现并不断提升SI基本量量值水平,建立并不断完善国家计量基准和标准体系;研究并完善测量理论和技术方法,确保测量结果的准确性、一致性和可溯源性;开展复杂系统、多参量综合测量技术和应用研究,提升现场、多参量校准能力;攻关极端条件和极端量的准确测量技术,不断提高认识自然和改造自然的能力。



河北中航检测技术服务有限公司是一家专业从事四轮定位仪检定装置、汽车检测线检测设备、CNG/LNG/LPG加气机检定装置、雷达测速仪检定装置、汽车排气流量分析仪检定装置、滚筒反力制动动态测试仪、扭矩扳手检定装置、车轮动平衡机检定装置等的研发、生产和销售的高科技企业。



 

SHANGHAI11XUAN5 @ HEBEIZHONGHANGJIANCEJISHUFUWUYOUXIANGONGSI

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